Need for adaptation to climate change in Africa

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AAfrica is at a turning point. With projected temperatures higher than in the rest of the world and an increase in the frequency of droughts, floods and other natural disasters, Africa’s people, economy and ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. climatic. The first pilot initiatives for climate change adaptation have provided important lessons, data and insights to inform the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of future climate change adaptation programs across the country. continent.

Scaling up these pilot initiatives will require increased capacity and collaborative management approaches, better engagement with the private sector, empowerment actions that engage women and youth, capacity development to improve governance change and a holistic approach that considers climate change not as a series. linear challenges, but as a systematic challenge that requires transformational change, innovative thinking and bold action.

Addressing climatic factors in Africa requires a continued focus on human development. As we take steps to mainstream and accelerate a new generation of climate change adaptation and mitigation projects designed to meet both basic needs and long-term environmental protection and development goals economic and social, these projects must link climatic factors to community development. ; community development with zero carbon growth and zero carbon growth with a climate resilient future.

People are at the center of the climate change equation. These are the common denominators that link adaptation to mitigation, and the common driver of human-induced climate change. Adaptation can take the form of improving agricultural production to leave no one behind in our goals of ending hunger and poverty by 2030, as well as strengthening effective climate governance and inclusive.

In a world where every economic sector, be it agriculture or aviation, will have to rethink the way it does business, the human power, intellect and spark of innovation of Africans will be the key driver of adaptation to climate change on the continent. Human-centred design, coupled with evidence-based decision-making, will be key to ensuring the sustainability of investments in climate actions in Africa. For developing countries in Africa, this innovative human-based design will require continued support from the UN development system, civil society, the private sector and donor funds.

The cost of inaction or poorly executed action is simply too high to ignore the problem at hand. The real question is how will the world rise to the challenge and support Africans in building a resilient future?

Human-induced climate change is real and affecting development progress today. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Human influence has been detected in ocean warming, ocean acidification, global water cycle, reduction of snow and ice, global mean sea level rise and some extremes climatic.

The link between human-induced climate change and rainfall patterns in Africa is uncertain. Changes in rainfall patterns – such as the onset, duration, frequency of dry spells and rainfall intensity – have been detected in East Africa, Southern Africa and the Horn of Africa. Eastern Africa has experienced intense rainfall and droughts more frequently in recent decades during the spring and summer seasons, and Southern Africa experiences more droughts.

The link between climate and conflict in Africa and globally is worrying. According to recent estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), of the 815 million chronically food insecure and malnourished people in the world, the vast majority 489 million live in countries affected by conflict.

The proportion is even more pronounced for undernourished children. Nearly 122 million, or 75%, of stunted children under five live in conflict-affected countries, the difference in average prevalence between conflict-affected and non-conflict-affected countries being nine percentage points. Climate change also contributes to human migration, which can trigger conflicts over scarce resources such as land and water.

A fundamental point is that climate change will interact with and exacerbate the basic stresses that in many cases are the main drivers of vulnerability and poverty. For example, water resources will be subject to much greater pressures such as population growth, urbanization, agricultural growth and land use change.

Therefore, human-induced climate change is real and will harm African economies. Indeed, the first signs of this are already apparent today. Without global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, climate change will accelerate and our opportunities for planned and controlled management of change will diminish. The effects on African economies could be devastating. Adaptation is a matter of social justice because those most affected by climate change have contributed the least to the problem.

Felix Oladeji writes from Lagos Nigeria

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